How does it work?

Editors of a Peer Community in X manage the evaluation and recommend articles which have not been yet peer-reviewed – typically unpublished preprints deposited on an open repository. They can also recommend already been peer-reviewed, corresponding for instance to articles recommended by another Peer Community in X or articles published in traditional scientific journals.

Evaluation of preprints (i.e. articles not yet peer-reviewed)

Essai #17

  1. A group of authors deposits a preprint on an open repository, such as arXiv, bioRxiv, etc., and the corresponding author submit the preprint to a Peer Community in X to obtain a recommendation (a dedicated webpage serves this purpose). Doing so, he/she certifies that this preprint is not under consideration by a traditional journal or by another Peer Community in X. He/she also declares that he/she will wait at least 20 days before either submitting this preprint to a journal or soliciting another Peer Community in X. This delay allows the solicited Peer Community in X to initiate a recommendation process.
  2. Editors of the Peer Community in X are alerted by the submission. If one editor finds the preprint particularly interesting, he/she can decide to initiate the evaluation process. He/she becomes the editor of this preprint.
  3. The editor finds at least 2 reviewers within or outside Peer Community in X, on the basis of his/her expertise. The reviewers write their reviews. The editor continues to solicit reviews until he/she obtains at least 2 high-quality reviews.
  4. After the editor reaches a decision, he/she sends the reviews (which may or may not be written anonymously, at the reviewer’s discretion) and the decision to the authors and asks for modifications, if required. He/she eventually writes a short text of recommendation (alone or with co-editors) explaining the recommendation, when all the requested modifications have been made.
  5. The recommendation text signed by the editor and co-editors, all reviews (anonymous or not), and the link to the last version of the manuscript are sent to the Managing board of Peer Community in X. Before sending their recommendation and review, all editors and reviewers will have to certify that they have no conflict of interests of any kind with the content and with the authors of the article, and that they are not recommending or reviewing an article published by close colleagues, recent co-authors, relatives or friends. The Managing board performs a quality check on the format and the deontology of reviews and recommendation.
  6. The recommendation text signed by the editor and co-editors, all reviews (anonymous or not), and the link to the last version of the manuscript are finally posted on the web site of Peer Community in X.

Recommendation of articles already peer-reviewed

  1. An editor of a Peer Community in X reads an article already peer-reviewed (e.g. an article published in a journal or a preprint recommended by another Peer Community in X), finds it particularly interesting and would like to recommend it. He/she becomes “recommender” of this article.
  2. He/she looks for a second “recommender” within or outside its Peer Community in X, on the basis of his/her expertise for a joint recommendation of the manuscript. They write together a short text of recommendation (at least about half page). Reviews are not needed, because the article was already reviewed.
  3. Both “recommenders” sign the recommendation text and send it with the link to the Managing board of their Peer Community in X. Before sending their recommendation, all recommenders will have to certify that they have no conflict of interests of any kind with the content or with the authors of the article, and that they are not recommending an article published by close colleagues, recent co-authors, relatives or friends. The Managing board performs a quality check on the format and the deontology of the recommendation.
  4. The recommendation text signed by the recommenders is posted on

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